In 1968, Art Arfons built the first rail-type jet dragster, a little J-34 car later driven for many years by Bob Motz.
This car remained the only rail-type jet dragster until 1977 when in May the first J-85 car, the Gustin/Palamides
"Daily C II", was given approval by NHRA. Third of the Gustin/Palamides jets, the "Daily C II" weighed 1,300 pounds
ready to run as compared to 2,400 to 2,800 pounds for the J-34 powered "Daily C" and "For Special" cars (under
different sponsorship the "For Special" became the "Sherbits" car). Handling problems prevented the "Daily C II" from
showing the real potential of the J-85. At Napierville Speedway in Montreal, Gustin was forced to shut-off
early, running a 7.19 e.t. with a 128.38 mph speed. At York U.S. 30 Dragway, Gustin again shut-off early
to record a 6.72 e.t. with a 181.04 mph speed.
In March of 1979, NHRA approval of Craig Arfons J-85 "Green Monster" dragster was announced in National Dragster.
It would be this car, together with Wayne Knuth's simultaneously constructed but more conservatively designed J-85
"Odyssey" rail-type dragster, that would revolutionize jet car racing. Initially, Arfons was limited to single runs only.
Also in March of 1979, NHRA announced approval of the rail-type "Avenger" J-34 jet dragster built by Lee Austin and
driven by Dan Sullivan. In September of 1979 at Great Lakes Drag-A-Way, Arfons ran a 6.08 second 277.77 mph pass.